- Students will explore historical documents and online resources that
provide background information describing how land was surveyed and
sold in the 1800's.
- Students will review the Iowa Agriculturist, retell the annual and
seasonal cycle of farming and describe pioneer farming practices.
- Students will describe the impact of technological changes that occurred
in pioneer farm equipment as a result of the Industrial Revolution (1750-1850)
and how this transformed agriculture.
- BUYING LAND: Start by asking students to review the map showing
how and when land was purchased from the Indians. and complete the
- SURVEYING LAND: Then, have students read and discuss how the land
was surveyed and view the
poster at the Library of Congress showing land prices in the 1800's.
Ask students to compare land prices in the 1850's with the price of
an acre of land today, and complete the math problems in the History
- 100 YEARS OF CHANGE: As students explore drawings,
photos and documents depicting early farming in Iowa, discuss which
farming tasks were completed during each season of the year. Using an
LCD projector display some of the images on a large screen to prompt
- After exploring information about early farming, students can complete
a chart comparing
the characteristics of pioneer farming in 1800 and horse-powered farming
in 1900. Students can illustrate their chart after reviewing paintings
by Iowa artist, Grant Wood.
- FARM INVENTIONS: During the 19th century, many new inventions made
farm work easier. The new agricultural equipment allowed farmers to
plant and harvest more land. Using an LCD projector display the US
Department of Agriculture's timeline of American agriculture and
discuss the dramatic progress of agricultural equipment over the last
300 years. Use the timeline as a resource when students work with a
partner to complete the Web-based Which
Came First Quiz.
Plan - Glidden's Patent for Barbed Wire
Tips For Teachers
As students work with partners to complete the chart activity and quiz,
inferring, analyzing and deduction will occur. These collaborative learning
activities provide an opportunity for give and take discussion of findings
and sharing of research responsibilities.
rubrics may help when evaluating this activity.