Pioneer settlers moved into Iowa and established farms.
As more and more settlers came towns began to develop. Pioneer farmers
wanted to get and send mail. They wanted to buy products such as cloth,
tools, and special food items.
At first, towns were located only in eastern Iowa. Later as railroads
connected the whole state, towns could be found from east to west and
north to south. By 1870, Iowa was dotted with towns.
Directions - Build a Frontier Town
- What did a frontier town look like?
- What were the main buildings?
- Why was each important?
- Research what a frontier town looked like.
The village of Walnut
Hill found at Living History Farms gives us an idea of what an early
frontier town might have looked like.With its seventeen
buildings this village includes everything from a doctor's office
to a general store.
- After researching the buildings that might be found in a frontier
town, develop a map of your town.
A map of Walnut Hill
shows that it has one main street lined with several buildings.
- Your own hometown may provide ideas for your model town. Search the
Collection for the name of your town. This collection contains many
historic panoramic photographs of main streets across America.
- More information about pioneer towns and model buildings and patterns
for making your town buildings can be found at the Hoover
Library in West Branch.
- When you have completed your town map, build the structures that would
be found in your town. Be sure to label each part and give your town
Life as a Pioneer Continued...